Two bodies manage road transport matters in Portugal:
Used vehicles: Vehicle Import duty (Imposto Sobre Veículos) may be charged on vehicles imported from within the EU, though the status of this tax under EU rules is questionable. Used vehicles qualify for a progressive reduction in the rate of import tax 12 months after purchase.
If the owner takes up residency in Portugal the car must be legally registered with the DGV within 12 months.
New vehicles: IVA (Value Added Tax) on a new vehicle bought in another EU member state must be paid in Portugal unless the Portuguese custom's authority (Direcção Geral de Alfândegas) is provided with the original purchase receipt stating that the VAT has been paid, and proof of a valid foreign registration of the vehicle.
Note: In the case of a new vehicle where taxes cannot be proved to have been paid (usually in the case of a new car imported for resale), registration in Portugal must be made within four working days of the entry of vehicle. Take the vehicle's original registration documents and original sale receipts to the local customs office (Alfândega Portuguesas).
Registration is recorded at both the local customs office and the IMTT.
The Portuguese authorities may ask for documents other than those listed below. It's advisable to first check on forms and documents required.
The following documents are usually needed:
The following owner's documents are usually required:
Note: Original documents and one copy must be supplied.
Once the application has been submitted, customs may issue a limited-validity authorisation (Guia de Circulação) which means the vehicle may be used while the application is in process.
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