A valid driving licence (Carta de Condução) is needed to drive in Portugal and the minimum age to drive a car is 18. Licences issued in some countries are not valid in Portugal beyond a fixed period. A licence which is valid for a fixed period may be exchanged for a Portuguese one, or may not be exchanged at all, depending on the country of issue. If a licence may not be exchanged the licence holder must take a full driving test (theory and practical) in order to get a Portuguese driving licence.
Licences issued by EU and EEA countries are valid in Portugal, and need not be exchanged while they remain valid. EU licences that do not already state an expiry date, or if the date does not coincide with a date imposed by national driving regulations, must be exchanged within two years of the holder taking up residence in Portugal.
When the holder of a driving licence is resident in Portugal they are subject to the driving regulations of the country of residence. This includes the requirements to renew the driving licence at certain ages.
Drivers who hold a licence issued by another EU or EEA country and who are resident in Portugal are obliged to register with their regional or district Department of Motor Vehicles (IMTT) office within 60 days of establishing residency. To register, the following documents are required:
Following registration, a slip of paper (guia) is issued, which should be presented along with the driving licence when required.
Temporary visitors on a holiday visa (under 90 days' visit) may use a valid foreign driving licence accompanied by an International Driving Licence.
The consular office of the issuing country in Portugal can provide advice.
The Instituto da Mobilidade e dos Transportes Terrestres (IMTT) is responsible for exchanging and issuing licenses.
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