There are three types of pension awarded in Portugal: Old Age, Survivors' and Invalidity.
Subject to particular conditions, the pensionable age may also be brought forward in the following cases:
Awarded to the following family members, if the deceased beneficiary fulfilled the 36 month qualifying period with registered earnings:
The death allowance is awarded to family members of the deceased beneficiary who are entitled to the survivors’ pension, with no requirement for a qualifying period. In the absence of the latter it may be awarded to other relatives, of similar status to or comparable to the beneficiary, in a direct line or up to the third degree in a collateral line, provided the deceased was responsible for them when he or she died.
Invalidity protection for beneficiaries of the General Social Security Scheme is provided by the following benefits: invalidity pension; long-term care supplement; pension supplement for a dependant spouse.
Awarded to employees who are permanently unfit to work, confirmed by the Incapacity Verification System, due to a non-occupational cause subsequent to their registration with the social security system. To be accepted, they must have had registered earnings in the social security system for five consecutive or separate calendar years (for partial invalidity) or three years for total invalidity.
Awarded to social security scheme pensioners who are in a position of dependency, i.e. those who cannot meet their basic daily needs independently. Different degrees of dependency are considered in awarding and determining the amount of the payment.
Occupational accidents: The social security system does not cover risks relating to accidents at work. Employees are protected against accidents at work by compulsory insurance agreed between employers and insurance companies.
Occupational diseases: These are diseases included in the List of Occupational Diseases affecting employees who have been exposed to the relevant risk due to the nature of the industry, activity or conditions, or the normal working environment and working practices.
Persons suffering from occupational diseases, duly certified by the National Occupational Risks Protection Centre, are guaranteed access to certain financial and cash allowances.
Text last edited on: 08/2010
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